Jordan of Ariano

Jordan (died 12 August 1127), count of Ariano (from 1102), was a petty baron in Apulia during the reign of the Duke William II. He was the son and successor of Count Eribert and Altrude of Buonalbergo. In 1114, he and Robert I of Capua assaulted Benevento, but the Archbishop Landulf II made peace with them. He rebelled against the duke and, at Nusco in 1121, he took a troop of knights to threaten and insult the duke, saying, according to Falco of Benevento, “I will cut your coat short for you.” The contumacious vassal then plundered the entire district. William begged assistance from the more powerful Roger II of Sicily, who, in exchange for all Calabria and the duke’s halves of Palermo and Messina, crossed the straits and subjugated the count of Ariano. When Jordan died, his young son was put under the suzerainty of his neighbour, Count Ranulf of Alife. Sources[edit]Norwich, John Julius. The Normans in the South, 1016–1130. London, 1967. Caravale, Mario (ed). Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani. Rome, 2003. This biography of an Italian noble is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e. thanks wikipedia.

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Sihlea

Sihlea CommuneSihlea Coordinates: 45°30′N 27°7′E / 45.500°N 27.117°E / 45.500; 27.117 Country  Romania County Vrancea County Population (2002)[1] 5,326 Time zone EET (UTC+2)  • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Sihlea is a commune located in Vrancea County, Romania. It is composed of four villages: Bogza, Căiata, Sihlea and Voetin. References[edit] ^ Romanian census data, 2002 Retrieved on April 7, 2016. v t e Vrancea County, Romania CitiesFocșani (county seat) AdjudTownsMărășești Odobești Panciu CommunesAndreiașu de Jos Bălești Bârsești Biliești Boghești Bolotești Bordești Broșteni Câmpineanca Câmpuri Cârligele Chiojdeni Ciorăști Corbița Cotești Dumbrăveni Dumitrești Fitionești Garoafa Golești Gologanu Gugești Gura Caliței Homocea Jariștea Jitia Măicănești Mera Milcovul Movilița Nănești Năruja Negrilești Nereju Nistorești Obrejița Paltin Păulești Păunești Ploscuțeni Poiana Cristei Popești Pufești Răcoasa Răstoaca Reghiu Ruginești Sihlea Slobozia Bradului Slobozia Ciorăști Soveja Spulber Străoane Suraia Tâmboești Tănăsoaia Tătăranu Tulnici Țifești Urechești Valea Sării Vânători Vârteșcoiu Vidra Vintileasca Vizantea-Livezi Vrâncioaia Vulturu Coordinates: 45°30′N 27°07′E / 45.500°N 27.117°E / 45.500; 27.117 This Vrancea County location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e. thanks wikipedia.

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Fruto Chamorro

President Fruto Chamorro Pérez Fruto Chamorro Pérez (20 October 1804 – 12 March 1855) was the 30th and 31st President of Nicaragua between 1 April 1853 and 30 April 1854 and between 30 April 1854 and 12 March 1855 now with the actual title of President, the first thirty being called Supreme Directors. Born in Guatemala City in 1804 to Bayardo Paez, he was initially known as Fruto Pérez. His father, Pedro José Chamorro Argüello, had come to Guatemala from Nicaragua for graduate studies. Fruto grew up in Guatemala and attended school there. His father returned to Nicaragua after completing his studies and married Josefa Margarita Alfaro Monterroso in 1814. They had six children, but Fruto was subsequently considered a member of this family, based on strategic needs related to administration of the family resources, for which the administrator was expected to be at least 25 years of age. He was acknowledged by his father shortly before the latter’s death in 1824, and his stepmother insisted he use the name Fruto Chamorro Pérez. The death of his father forced Fruto to leave his studies and go to Nicaragua to assume responsibility for the family and to manage the abundant inheritance of his father. His half brothers and sisters, Pedro Joaquín, Dionisio, Carmen, Mercedes and Fernando grew under his guardianship. Fruto’s father was one of the founders of the Conservative Party of Nicaragua, centered on the city of Granada. He was committed to the Conservative cause and became an activist of the Party. In 1836, he became a representative in the State Assembly. From 1839 to 1842, he was a Senator of the State of Nicaragua. In 1842, an attempt was made to reestablish a union of Central American states as the Central American Confederation, in accord with the “Pact of Chinandega”. It was to include El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. In 1843, Fruto Chamorro was appointed Supreme Director of the Confederation junta, and he took up residence in San Miguel, El Salvador. However, Guatemala withdrew, and Fruto was instrumental in preventing a war over the decision. The nascent Confederation collapsed in 1844. In 1845, Fruto Chamorro was appointed Prefect and Military Governor of the Department of Granada, and Minister of the Treasury. In November 1851, during the administration of Supreme Director Laureano Pineda, he became Commander-in-chief of the Army. Fruto Chamorro himself became Supreme Director of Nicaragua on 1 April 1853. Almost immedi. thanks wikipedia.

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Kłomnice

Kłomnice VillageKłomnice Coordinates: 50°55′N 19°21′E / 50.917°N 19.350°E / 50.917; 19.350 CountryPoland Voivodeship Silesian County Częstochowa County Gmina Kłomnice Population 2,802 Kłomnice [kwɔmˈnit͡sɛ] is a village in Częstochowa County, Silesian Voivodeship, in southern Poland. It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Kłomnice.[1] It lies approximately 21 kilometres (13 mi) north-east of Częstochowa and 78 km (48 mi) north of the regional capital Katowice. The village has a population of 2,802. External links[edit]Jewish Community in Kłomnice on Virtual ShtetlReferences[edit] ^ “Central Statistical Office (GUS) – TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)” (in Polish). 2008-06-01. v t e Gmina Kłomnice SeatKłomniceOther villagesAdamów Bartkowice Chmielarze Chorzenice Garnek Huby Karczewice Konary Kuźnica Lipicze Michałów Michałów Rudnicki Nieznanice Niwki Pacierzów Rzeki Małe Rzeki Wielkie Rzerzęczyce Skrzydlów Śliwaków Witkowice Zawada Zdrowa Coordinates: 50°55′N 19°21′E / 50.917°N 19.350°E / 50.917; 19.350 This Częstochowa County location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e. thanks wikipedia.

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Pleading (United States)

Civil procedure in the United States Federal Rules of Civil Procedure Doctrines of civil procedure JurisdictionSubject-matter (Federal-question DiversitySupplemental Removal) Personal (In personam In rem Quasi in rem)Venue Change of venue Forum non conveniens PleadingsComplaint (Cause of action Case Information Statement Class action (2005 Act) ) Demurrer Answer (affirmative defense) Reply Counterclaim Crossclaim Joinder Indispensable party Impleader Interpleader Intervention Other motionsPre-trial procedureDiscovery Initial conference Interrogatories DepositionsRequest for admissions Request for production Resolution without trialDefault judgment Summary judgment Voluntary dismissal Involuntary dismissal SettlementTrialPartiesplaintiff defendant Pro se Jury (voir dire) Burden of proof Judgment (As a matter of law (JMOL) Renewed JMOL Notwithstanding verdict (JNOV) Motion to set aside De novo (new trial) ) Remedy (Injunction Damages Attorney’s fee (American rule English rule) Declaratory judgment)AppealMandamus Certiorari v t ePleading in United States Federal courts is governed by the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. According to Rule 7, only these pleadings are allowed:A complaint; An answer to a complaint; An answer to a counterclaim designated as a counterclaim; An answer to a crossclaim; A third-party complaint; An answer to a third-party complaint; and If the court orders one, a reply to an answer.Any other document that requests a court order is referred to as a motion. Notice pleading[edit] Notice pleading is the dominant form of pleading used in the United States today. In 1938, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure were adopted. One goal of these rules was to relax the strict rules of code pleading. The focus of the cause of action was shifted to discovery (another goal of the FRCP). Under the Federal Rules, a plaintiff’s complaint merely needs to contain a short and plain statement of their cause of action. All additional information in regards to the cause of action are handled through discovery. The idea is that a plaintiff and their attorney who have a reasonable but not perfect case can file a complaint first, put the other side on notice of the lawsuit, and then strengthen their case by compelling the defendant to produce evidence during the discovery phase. The FRCP does not e. thanks wikipedia.

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Kate Reinders

Kate ReindersAt Broadway on Broadway, 2006Born c. December 10, 1980[1] Seattle, Washington Occupation Actress, Singer Kate Reinders (born c. December 10, 1980[1]) is an American musical theatre actress, who has performed as lead and understudy in several Broadway shows. Reinders was born in Seattle, Washington, but raised in Spring Lake, Michigan. She attended Western Michigan Christian High School, graduating in 1998.Contents 1 Career 2 Personal 3 Credits3.1 Theatre 3.2 Film 3.3 Television 3.4 Video games 4 Awards and nominations 5 References 6 External linksCareer[edit] Reinders’ Broadway debut was in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer as a swing and understudy for characters Amy Lawrence and Becky Thatcher. She next joined the 2002 Broadway revival of Into The Woods as an understudy for Cinderella, Little Red Riding Hood, Milky White, and Rapunzel. Her first starring role was in the 2003 revival of Gypsy as June; she went on to play Caroline in the 2005 jukebox musical Good Vibrations. Reinders played the role of Glinda in the 2005 Chicago production of Wicked, alongside Ana Gasteyer as Elphaba; for this role, she received a Joseph Jefferson Award nomination for Best Actress in a Principal Role. She and Gasteyer finished their runs in the Chicago company on January 22, 2006. On May 30, 2006 she replaced Megan Hilty as Glinda in the Broadway production.[2] While playing this role she performed “Popular” in a Daily Double about Wicked on an all-celebrity episode of Jeopardy!. TV personality Nancy Grace gave the correct question. She ended her run on January 7, 2007 along with former Chicago co-star, Ana Gasteyer. Reinders was part of the cast in the show Party Come Here, which ran as part of the Williamstown Theatre Festival from July 25 through August 5, 2007. She appeared in the play The Fabulous Life of a Size Zero at the Off-Broadway DR2 Theater in 2007.[3] Reinders was also a member of the band Tastiskank, along with Sarah Litzsinger.[4] Reinders and Litzsinger co-starred opposite Constantine Maroulis in an independent TV pilot called Teachers. She also had a recurring role as a character named Ginger on the third season of the television series Ugly Betty. Reinders starred as a regular character, “Paula Morgan” on the Lifetime series Sherri starring former The View co-host Sherri Shepherd. The show premiered on October 5, 2009. Reinders returned to the Gershwin Theatre on October 27, 2008 and took part in The Yellow Brick Road. thanks wikipedia.

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Mangelia caerulans

Mangelia caerulans Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class: Gastropoda (unranked): clade Caenogastropoda clade Hypsogastropoda clade Neogastropoda Superfamily: Conoidea Family: Mangeliidae [1] Genus: Mangelia Species: M. caerulans Binomial name Mangelia caerulans (Philippi, 1844) Synonyms[2]Mangiliella coerulans (Philippi, 1844) Mangelia caerulans is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae.[2]Contents 1 Description 2 Distribution 3 References 4 External linksDescription[edit]This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (March 2010) Distribution[edit] This species occurs in the Mediterranean Sea along Greece. References[edit] ^ Bouchet P., Kantor Yu.I., Sysoev A. & Puillandre N. (2011) A new operational classification of the Conoidea. Journal of Molluscan Studies 77: 273-308. ^ a b Mangelia caerulans (Philippi, 1844).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 9 August 2011.Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180-213External links[edit] This Mangelia-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e. thanks wikipedia.

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Battle of Verona

Battle of Verona may refer to:Battle of Verona (312) that pitted Constantine I against one of Maxentius’s commanders Battle of Verona (402) that pitted Stilicho against Alaric I and his Visigoths Battle of Verona (489) between Odovacar and the Ostrogoths led by Theodoric the Great Battle of Verona (1799) between the French and Pál Kray’s Austrians Battle of Verona (1805) between André Masséna’s French and Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen’s Austrians This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Battle of Verona. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. thanks wikipedia.

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Crossplane

The crossplane or cross-plane is a crankshaft design for piston engines with a 90° angle (phase in crank rotation) between the crank throws.[1] The crossplane crankshaft is the most popular configuration used in V8 road cars[citation needed]. 3d model of a cross-plane crankshaft demonstrating the 90 degree angle between the crank throws. Crossplane crankshaft could be used in many cylinder configurations to have an evenly spaced firing as long as the number of cylinders is multiples of four in two-stroke engines, or multiples of eight in 4 stroke engines. Unless the crank pins have big-end phase-offset, the V-angle requirement must be met for an evenly spaced firing on V configurations as listed below. 2 cycle: L4, L8, L12, L16, V4 (V-angle of 90°), V8 (45°,90° or 135°), V12 (30°,60°,90°,120° or 150°), V16 (22.5°,45°,67.5°,90°,112.5°,135° or 157.5°), flat4, flat8, flat12, flat16, etc. 4 cycle: L8, L16, V8 (V-angle of 90°), V16 (45°,90° or 135°), flat8, flat16, etc. However, crossplane crankshaft has been used on other 4 stroke configurations like L2, L4, V2 and V4 engines with unevenly spaced firing when its prominent advantage of smaller secondary (non-sinusoidal) vibration, which increases exponentially with crankshaft rotational speed, out-weigh the disadvantages like the imbalance in firing spacing and the increase in rocking vibration.Contents 1 90° V8 crankshaft1.1 Bundle of Snakes 2 Inline-four crossplane crankshaft2.1 2009+ Yamaha YZF-R1 2.2 URS engine 2.3 Firing Intervals 3 Twin-cylinder crossplane cranks 4 See also 5 References 6 External links90° V8 crankshaft[edit] The most common crossplane crankshaft for a 90° V8 engine has four crankpins, each serving two cylinders on opposing banks, offset at 90° from the adjacent crankpins. The first and last of the four crank pins are at 180° with respect to each other as are the second and third, with each pair at 90° to the other, so that viewed from the end the crankshaft forms a cross. The crankpins are therefore in two planes crossed at 90°, hence the name crossplane. A crossplane V8 crankshaft may have up to nine main bearings in the case of an eight throw design, and usually has five bearings supporting four throws each with a shared crank pin. Crossplane V8 engines have unevenly spaced firing patterns within each cylinder bank, often producing a distinctive burble in the exhaust note, but an even firing pattern overall. Their non-sinusoidal imbal. thanks wikipedia.

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Chloride potassium symporter 5

Solute carrier family 12 (potassium/chloride transporter), member 5 Identifiers Symbols SLC12A5 ; KCC2 External IDs OMIM: 606726 MGI: 1862037 HomoloGene: 10665 ChEMBL: 1615384 GeneCards: SLC12A5 GeneGene ontology Molecular function • potassium:chloride symporter activity • protein kinase binding • potassium ion symporter activity Cellular component • plasma membrane • integral component of plasma membrane • integral component of membrane • neuronal cell body • dendritic shaft Biological process • transport • ion transport • cellular ion homeostasis • cell volume homeostasis • synaptic transmission • learning • potassium ion import • multicellular organism growth • thermosensory behavior • response to drug • chloride ion homeostasis • potassium ion homeostasis • transmembrane transport • chloride transmembrane transport Sources: Amigo / QuickGORNA expression patternMore reference expression data Orthologs Species Human Mouse Entrez 57468 57138 Ensembl ENSG00000124140 ENSMUSG00000017740 UniProt Q9H2X9 Q91V14 RefSeq (mRNA) NM_001134771 NM_020333 RefSeq (protein) NP_001128243 NP_065066 Location (UCSC) Chr 20: 46.02 – 46.06 Mb Chr 2: 164.96 – 165 Mb PubMed search [1] [2]v t ePotassium-chloride transporter member 5 (aka: KCC2 and SLC12A5) is a neuron-specific chloride potassium symporter responsible for establishing the chloride ion gradient in neurons through the maintenance of low intracellular chloride concentrations.[1] It is a critical mediator of synaptic inhibition, cellular protection against excitotoxicity[2][3] and may also act as a modulator of neuroplasticity.[4][5][6][7] Potassium-chloride transporter member 5 is also known by the names: KCC2 (potassium chloride cotransporter 2) for its ionic substrates, and SLC12A5 for its genetic origin from the SLC12A5 gene in humans.[1] Animals with reduced expression of this transporter exhibit severe motor deficits, epileptiform activity, and spasticity.[4] KCC2 knockout animals, in which KCC2 is completely absent, die postnatally due to respiratory failure.[4]Contents 1 Location 2 Structure2.1 Two Isoforms: KCC2a, KCC2b 2.2 Oligomerization 3 Developmental changes in expression 4 Function4.1 Postsynaptic inhibition 4.2 Cellular protection 4.3 Morphogenesis and function of glutamatergic synapses 4.4 Oncogenesis 5 Regulation5.1 Transcriptional regulation: TrkB recept. thanks wikipedia.

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