Drug policy in Laos

This article is outdated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (November 2010) In 1994, Laos was the world’s third largest producer of opium, primarily in the northern provinces. Narcotics trafficking in Laos is difficult to control because of the remoteness of many border areas, their attendant lack of communications, and the scarcity of resources, all of which make stationing officials at many of the border crossings difficult. Several counternarcotics policy initiatives have been undertaken.Contents 1 History 2 Crown Prince Sopsaisana’s opium bust 3 See also 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] During the late 1980s, narcotics control became an important United States concern, because Laos is a major producer of opium and marijuana. In 1987 Laos began to cooperate with the United States in drug control efforts when it requested assistance in providing a viable crop alternative to opium farmers. Increased efforts on counternarcotics cooperation have been evident since January 1990 when a memorandum of understanding on the Bilateral Cooperation of Narcotics Issues was signed. This agreement focused on ways for the United States to provide antinarcotics programs. The United States provided narcotics-related training to a number of Laotian officials in June 1990 and again in August 1991. And, in 1992, United States Customs Service officials held a training session in Vientiane for Laotian customs officers and other officials. Since then, Laotian officials have also traveled to Australia, Japan, and Europe for counternarcotics cooperation training. In late 1992, as part of the continuing counternarcotics effort, the LPDR Customs Department set up an antismuggling unit in Vientiane. The Council of Ministers approved the formation of this counternarcotics police unit operationally under the Ministry of Interior but with policy controlled by the Lao National Committee on Drug Control and Supervision. Progress in the configuration of the unit was negligible. As of mid-1993, however, the United States was working with the LPDR to provide support and training for the unit, and the site for the unit was being renovated. Estimated opium production has declined annually since 1989, largely through successful crop reduction and replacement programs that target specific areas and are funded and initiated by the United States and the UN Drug Control Program. Laos has facilitated these crop substitution programs aimed. thanks wikipedia.

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Eraclio Minozzi

This article is an orphan, as no other articles link to it. Please introduce links to this page from related articles; try the Find link tool for suggestions. (December 2013) Eraclio Minozzi (Vicenza, December 1847 – after 1909) was an Italian painter, painting landscapes, genre, and portraits. Biography[edit] After studying in a lyceum, he enrolled at the Accademia of Venice and then went to Milan, where he studied at the Brera Academy.[1] After his first works he was invited to travel outside of Italy, and went first to Paris, then London for a number of years, painting mainly portraits, including M. C. Hamilton, Sir Blake, Sir M. Drake, and of the Emperors of the Indies by commission by M. Lourissen. He also engraved designs for Minozzi for lithographies and chromolithographies, provided designs for various illustrated English journals. He also traveled to Boston, where he completed works for Suzie M Barstow.[2] Not adapted to the London climate, he returned to his Vicenza, where he continued to paint mainly portraits. At the regional exposition of Vicenza, he was awarded a bronze medal for his portrait of his father and at the Exhibition of Manchester una honorable mention for a genre canvas titled Solitudine.[3] Other works include Due vecchi sposi (Museo Civico of Vicenza). In 1897 at Florence, he exhibited Sempre felici and Campagna russa.[4] He contributed the altarpiece to the small church of Giare in Gambarare.[5] References[edit] ^ Istituto Matteucci short biography. ^ Rivista mensile, Volume 8; page 329; 1889. Eraclio Minozzi of Vicenza, based in Boston, displays a collection of designs for the signorina S. M. Barstow. ^ Dizionario degli Artisti Italiani Viventi: pittori, scultori, e Architetti, by Angelo de Gubernatis. Tipe dei Successori Le Monnier, 1889, page 303. ^ Istituto Matteucci. ^ Chiesetta di Giare in Gambarare. Persondata Name Minozzi, Eraclio Alternative namesShort description Italian painter Date of birth December, 1847 Place of birth Vicenza, Italy Date of death after 1909 Place of death This article about an Italian painter born in the 19th century is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e. thanks wikipedia.

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Wang Chongyang (cyclist)

Wang ChongyangPersonal information Born (1988-06-13) 13 June 1988 (age 27) Team information Discipline Track cycling Role Rider Rider type sprinter Infobox last updated on 1 February 2016 Wang Chongyang (born (1988-06-13)13 June 1988) is a Chinese male track cyclist, riding for the national team. He competed in the 1 km time trial event at the 2010 UCI Track Cycling World Championships.[1] References[edit]^ “2010 Track Cycling World Championships: Entries list”. tissottiming.com. Retrieved 1 February 2016. External links[edit]Profile at cyclingarchives.comThis biographical article relating to People’s Republic of China cycling is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e. thanks wikipedia.

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Gardes Françaises

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Gardes FrançaisesRegimental flag of the Gardes françaisesActive 1563-1792 Country France Branch French Army Type Guard Infantry Role Infantry The French Guards (French: Gardes Françaises) were an infantry regiment of the Military Household of the King of France (Maison militaire du roi de France) under the Ancien Régime. The French Guards, who were located in Paris, played a major part in the French Revolution as most of the guardsman defected to the revolutionary cause and ensured the collapse of absolute monarchy in France. French Guards led the storming of the Bastille and formed the cadre for the National Guard.Contents 1 History1.1 Privileges, role and organisation 1.2 Image and recruitment basis 1.3 Uniform 1.4 Role in the French Revolution 2 Battles 3 Notable members3.1 Gallery 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] The regiment was created in 1563 by Charles IX. With a strength of 9000 men it counted 30 companies in 1635 with 300 fusiliers per company. They were armed with a form of musket (“fusils”) or steel-handled pikes, and were allowed to conduct a normal civilian life in times of peace. In practice this meant that they could undertake civilian employment when not required on duty. At Catherine de’ Medici’s insistence, they were at first spread over several garrisons, but after the attempted kidnapping of King Charles IX near Meaux by Huguenots, the Gardes were brought back together specifically to protect the monarch. Uniform in 1757 Privileges, role and organisation[edit] In times of war the Gardes Françaises had the privilege of choosing their own battle positions (usually in the center of the first line of infantry). Other privileges included being that of leading the assault when a wall was breached during a siege, the first choice of barracks, and special rights of trial. When on parade, the Gardes Francaises took precedence over all other regiments in the Royal Army. The French Guards shared responsibility for guarding the exterior of the Palace of Versailles with the Gardes Suisses. In addition, the French Guards had responsibility for maintaining public order in Paris, in support of the various police forces of the capital. The Gardes Francais. thanks wikipedia.

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Rini Wulandari

Rini Wulandari Birth name Rini Wulandari Born (1990-04-28) 28 April 1990 (age 26) Origin Medan, North Sumatra Indonesia Genres Pop, R&B Occupation(s) Singer Years active 2007-present Labels Sony BMG Rini Wulandari (born April 28, 1990 in Medan, North Sumatra) is an Indonesian pop singer. On 28 July 2007, she won the fourth season of the reality television Indonesian Idol, making her the second female winner. At 17, she is also the youngest winner in Indonesian Idol history.Contents 1 Biography1.1 Early life 1.2 Indonesian Idol 1.3 List of Indonesian Idol performances 1.4 After Idol 1.5 List of Asian Idol : Choice of Indonesia performances 1.6 Graduate 2 Discography2.1 Albums 3 ReferencesBiography[edit] Early life[edit] Rini Wulandari was born to R.Soetrisno and Sri Hartati Mardiningish. She is the youngest of four children. She came from a family of musicians. Her mother was a former lead singer of Quintana Band and her father was a bassist when he was young. Rini became the lead singer of Quintana, following in the footsteps of her mother. She often participated in many singing festivals and performed as a back-up singer for established artists, among others, Keith Martin. Rini graduated from SMA Negeri 1 Medan in 2008. Indonesian Idol[edit] Rini auditioned for Idol in her hometown of Medan on the second day auditions. On May 5, 2007, Rini made it into the top twelve of Indonesian Idol or also known Spectacular rounds. In the first spectacular round, she sang Warna’s “50 Tahun Lagi”. During the top 6 performances which was Percussion Night week, Rini sang a rendition of Gloria Estefan’s “Conga” which garnered her a top 5 position. Other songs Rini performed on Indonesian Idol include Christina Aguilera’s “Reflection”, Mariah Carey’s “Emotions”, and Celine Dion’s “Because You Loved Me”. Rini made it to the finale and won the title over Wilson with 51.2% of the audience vote.[1] List of Indonesian Idol performances[edit] Original audition: “Cintai Aku Lagi” by Sania Week # Song Choice Original Artist Theme Result 1st Workshop “Cintai Aku Lagi” Sania Personal Choice Safe 2nd Workshop “Kuakui” Dewi Sandra Personal Choice Safe 3rd Workshop “Percayalah” Ecoutez Personal Choice Safe Pre Gala Show “Reflection” Christina Aguilera Personal Choice Selected to Spectacular Rounds Top 12 “50 Tahun Lagi” Warna Indonesian Top Hits Safe Top 11 “Antara Ada dan Tiada” Utopia Rock Week Safe Top 10 “Because You. thanks wikipedia.

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Jean-Marie Boisvert

This biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. Please help by adding reliable sources. Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately, especially if potentially libelous or harmful. (July 2010) Jean-Marie BoisvertMember of the Canadian Parliament for Drummond In office 1972 – 1974 Preceded by Jean-Luc Pépin Succeeded by Yvon Pinard Personal details Born Unknown Unknown Nationality Canadian Political party Social Credit Party Occupation teacher Jean-Marie Boisvert is a former Canadian politician and teacher. He was elected to the Canadian House of Commons in the 1972 election as a Member of the Social Credit Party to represent the riding of Drummond.[1] During his political career, he sat on various parliamentary committees including the Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Justice and Legal Affairs, Canadian House of Commons Special Committee on Trends in Food Prices, Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Justice and Legal Affairs and the Standing Joint Committee on the Library of Parliament.[2] References[edit] ^ “Drummond”. CBC News. 7 November 2008.  ^ “BOISVERT, Jean-Marie”. House of Commons. Jean-Marie Boisvert – Parliament of Canada biographyThis article about a Quebec Member of Parliament is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e. thanks wikipedia.

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Beacon Theatre

Beacon Theatre or Beacon Theater may refer to:Beacon Theatre (New York City), also known as Beacon Theater, listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) Beacon Theatre, Boston Beacon Theatre (Hopewell, Virginia), listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Virginia Beacon Theatres v. Westover, a US Supreme Court case decided in 1959 a longtime former name of the Pantages Theatre (Vancouver)This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Beacon Theatre. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. thanks wikipedia.

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HMS Brunswick (1790)

For other ships with the same name, see HMS Brunswick.HMS Brunswick fighting the Achille and Vengeur du Peuple simultaneouslyHistory UK Name: HMS Brunswick Ordered: 7 January 1785 Builder: Deptford Dockyard Laid down: May 1786 Launched: 30 April 1790 Fate: Broken up, 1826 Notes: Participated in: Glorious First of June General characteristics [1] Class and type: 74-gun third rate ship of the line Tons burthen: 1836 13⁄94 (bm) Length: 176 ft 2.5 in (53.708 m) (gundeck) Beam: 48 ft 9 in (14.86 m) Depth of hold: 19 ft 6 in (5.94 m) Propulsion: Sails Sail plan: Full rigged ship Armament: 74 guns: Gundeck: 28 × 32 pdrs Upper gundeck: 28 × 18 pdrs Quarterdeck: 14 × 9 pdrs Forecastle: 4 × 9 pdrs HMS Brunswick was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 30 April 1790 at Deptford.[1] Brunswick’s first captain, Sir Hyde Parker, was appointed in May 1790 during the Spanish Armament. At the end of that year he was superseded by Sir Roger Curtis, under whom Brunswick spent most of 1791 at Spithead until the settlement of the Russian Armament without hostility in late August. She then paid off, but was immediately recommissioned to serve as a guardship in Portsmouth Harbour, and continued in that role through 1792, except for a brief period spent in the “Evolution Squadron”.[2] On 29 October 1792, three condemned mutineers of the Mutiny on the Bounty were hanged from her yardarms. Following the outbreak of the French Revolutionary War Captain John Harvey took command of Brunswick, and saw service in the Channel Fleet under the overall command of Admiral Earl Howe. She fought at the Glorious First of June in 1794, suffering the highest casualty toll of any Royal Navy ship present in the battle, with 45 killed and 114 wounded, including Captain Harvey who died of the wounds he received while sinking the French ship Vengeur du Peuple. William Browell was made acting captain. Having lost her mizenmast in the action, Brunswick drifted away to leeward of the retreating enemy fleet, but made all available sail to head northward for the safety of a home port.[3] Under Captain Lord Charles Fitzgerald she was part of Admiral William Cornwallis’s squadron which fell in with and escaped from a much superior French fleet in June 1795. She sailed to Jamaica carrying the flag of Rear-Admiral Richard Rodney Bligh in June 1796, and remained on that station un. thanks wikipedia.

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Anything But Conservative

A sticker on a telephone pole advertising the ABC Campaign Greens, Liberals, and NDP are much closer to each other than to Conservatives Anything But Conservative (French: À bas les conservateurs or N’importe quoi d’autre que conservateur), also known as the ABC campaign and Vote ABC, is a political campaign whose aim is to defeat the Conservatives in Canadian federal elections. It encourages strategic voting. The Canadian federal elections use first-past-the-post voting which allows a party with minority support among the population to win the majority of the seats in the parliament. Given the current make-up of existing political parties, the progressive vote tends to splits between the progressive federal parties, the NDP, Liberals and Greens, which allows for the Conservatives to win a disproportional number of seats in the parliament compared to their popular support. This results in Conservative candidates winning seats in some ridings with as low as 30% of the vote in the riding.Summary of Canadian federal election, 2011Party Seats Popular vote seats  % seats  % Conservatives 166 53.90% 39.62% NDP 103 33.44% 30.63% Liberals 34 11.04% 18.91% BQ 4 1.30% 6.04% Greens 1 0.32% 3.91% Other 0 0% 0.99% Total 308 100% 100% Strategic voting by Greens, Liberals and NDP in 2011 federal elections, if implemented with the benefit of hindsight, would have resulted in 2 seats instead of 1 for Greens (100% increase), 75 seats instead of 34 for Liberals (120% increase), 125 seats instead of 103 for NDP (21% increase), and would have resulted in a minority NDP government in place of a majority Conservative government.[1]How strategic voting would have effected Canadian federal election, 2011Party Seats in 2011 Federal Elections Actual results If voted strategically Conservatives 166 (majority) 102 NDP 103 125 (minority) Liberals 34 75 Greens 1 2 It is estimated by ABC campaigners that a widespread strategic voting in 2015 federal elections can decrease the number of Conservative seats by over 72.[2][3]Contents 1 Strategic voting 2 Previous strategic voting campaigns2.1 Vote Anything but Liberal 3 2008 federal elections3.1 Background 3.2 The campaign 3.3 Legacy 4 2015 federal elections4.1 Campaign 4.2 Legacy 5 ReferencesStrategic voting[edit] In strategic voting a voter ranks the candidates based on their preferences A, B, C, .. and votes for the most preferred candidate who has an actu. thanks wikipedia.

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Valle Grande

Valle Grande (“Great Valley” in Spanish) or Vallegrande may refer to:Valle Grande Department, one of the Departments of Argentina in Jujuy ProvinceValle Grande, Argentina, the capital city of Valle Grande Department Valle Grande, Lanzarote, in the Canary Islands Valle Grande, New Mexico, largest grass valley (valle) within the Valles Caldera of New Mexico, USA Vallegrande Province, Santa Cruz Department, Bolivia.Vallegrande, the capital city of Vallegrande Province This disambiguation page lists articles about distinct geographical locations with the same name. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. thanks wikipedia.

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